|Welcome to the world of geography.It is
about geography, that is a study of humankind as well as natural, and
physical landscapes on the face of the earth. It is very unique academic
discipline for its ability to integrate ideas and methods from many
different disciplines; it's concern about 'spatial' or areal patterns,
relationships and processes on the areal patterns, relationship and
processes on the earth's surface, and it's important focus on environment
studies. That's why in recent year Dhaka University changed the name of this
department as 'Department of Geography and environments'. This department
provide students various valuable and relevant training, as well as
inseparable field trips for getting hand on practice of the real world. It
offer 4 years of graduation program and 1 year of masters program. It
provide B.Sc M.Sc course as well as research and MPhil program.
Undergrad ( Honours) Program:
It consist of 32 units of courses spread over 4 Years:16
Units of theory; 8 Unites of lab and 4 units of Viva Voca.
||Classes Offer and focus on
|A. Introduction to geography and World
a. Geography as a discipline; Concept and Development
b. Scope of Contemporary Geography.
c. Major views in Geography; Earth-Science view, Regional view,
Economical View, Landscape view, Spatial Organization view and
d. Methods of Approaches to Geographical explanation.
e. The status of Geography today and relevance to society.
|B. World Regional Pattern:|
Concepts of regional and type of regions. Basic information
(Tabular Data and Maps only) for listed countries (capital size,
population, economic activities, GNP, literacy, urbanization or
regions and countries of the world). (Follow the UN Demographic
|Elements of Physical Geography:|
a. The earth in space, basic elements of the earth form; and the
geologic time scale.
b. The lithosphere: Elements of earth's crust rocks and minerals;
changes of crust weathering erosion and deposition; agents of
earth sculpture; river, glacier, wind and wave.
c. The composition of the atmosphere: Weather and climate;
introduction to the elements of climate; temperature, pressure,
wind and humidity, storms.
d. The Hydrosphere: The oceans, their location in relation to the
continents; currents, tides, salinity and temperature
|Elements of Human Geography:|
1.Scope and contents of human geography
2.Overview of human occupancies of earth surface; a global
3. Economics: Concept and classification.
a. Extracting activities (farming, fishing , mining,
b. Manufacturing activities;
c. Exchange activities (trade and transportation)
Human population: Distribution, Problems.
1. History and use of Cartography.
2. Map and Map Scales: Basic elements of maps, construction of
linear, diagonal, comparative and proportional scales.
3.Applied use of scales, e.g. enlargement, reduction and
combination of maps; measurement of area.
4.Various types of Maps: maps on the basis of scales and thematic
|Principle of Surveying :
Methods of surveying including the use of chain, plane table,
prismatic compass and leveling.
|Quantitative Techniques in Geography-I:|
1. Importance of Mathematical Concepts in Geography.
2. Introduction to number system natural numbers, whole numbers,
primes, integers, Real numbers-mainly definitions.
3.Introduction of set theory.
4.Review of simple arithmetic operations with decimals and
5.Solving simple equations and inequalities.
6.Functions: Liner, Quadratic (simple graphs)
7.Laws of indices and exponents.
8.Logarithms-use in calculations.
9.Measuring Quantities: Linear, are , volume. Mass and angular
measurements. Conversion of measurement units between impartial,
Metric and Local systems.
10. Measuration- Area and volume of square, rectangle, Circle,
Cylinder and pyramid.
11.Use of summation Sign. Its various rules.
12.Types and levels of measurements.
13.Nature of Data for Geographic Research.
It will cover the overall syllabus as
well as recent world.
|Geography of Soils and Biogeography:|
1. Definition of soil.
2. Physical and chemical properties of soils; Texture, structure,
weight; pore space and air relationship color and temperature;
plant-soil water relationship; soil drainage.
3. Organic properties of soils: Soil flora and fauna; Humus
formation and characteristics.
4.Soil genesis: Factors of soil forming processes; Horizon
differentiation and genesis.
5.Soil classification: Classification of world soils;
a). Higher categories of soil classification(1949) order, suborder
and great soil groups, b). Seventh Approximation of comprehensive
6.Soil of Bangladesh: Properties, characteristics and
1.Scope, themes and methods of cultural
2.Culture: Its nature and types.
3. Processes of culture change: innovation, diffusion and
integration; assimilation and acculturation.
4.Man-Environmentr interaction: Concepts of determinism and
5. Evaluation of human kind: Australopithecus to homo sapiens,
6. Evolution of material culture: Stone Age and Age of Metals.
7.Evaluation of livelihood patterns: Plant and animals
domestication, rise of urbanism, industrial revolution,
nature and scope of population geography and sources of data on
2. Patterns of Population composition (Biological); Race, age
structure and sex ratio.
3. Patterns of Population composition (cultural); Residence-
rural-urban, language, religion, marital status, education and
4.Spatial aspects of population distribution and density:
pre-historic, ancient, medieval and modern, determinants of
Patterns of population composition in Bangladesh and general
characteristics of population of Bangladesh.
scope and methodology of settlement geography
7. Origin and
development of rural settlements.
8. Form, shapes
and patterns of rural settlements.
9. Origin of
towns and cities.
settlements of functional organization and population size.
of Bangladesh: Rural and Urban.
Remote Sensing and Map Interpretation
Interpretation and remote sensing:
Essential nature of air photographs. Types and scales of air
Interpretation of air photography: Procedures in air photo
interpretation: stereoscopy, photo image and elements, photo keys
Remote sensing: General background, types of remote sensors.
Electromagnetic spectrum and basic relationships.
Applications of remote sensing.
Preparations of Maps from air photographs.
Methods of representation of relief
Profiles drawing and indivisibility exercises.
Gradient and scope determination, scale and scopes.
Block diagrams and scope analysis.
Study and interpretation of topographic, geologic, geomorphologic
and weather maps.
for more remote sensing pictures and information.
||Map Projection and
Map Projections: Definition and use.
Types, merits and demerits of map projections.
Construction of major and common projections;(i, e, 2 of each
cylindrical, conical, zenithal, conventional)
Cartography: Application of Cartographic techniques (mainly on
Bangladesh data)-Climograph, flow lines, Dot maps, Pie Diagram,
Isocrones, Isopleth, Choropleths, Age-sex pyramid)
Techniques in Geography II
Frequency, Distribution, Histogram, Polygon.
Measures of center tendency: Mean, Median, Mode
Relationship between the measures
Measures of deviation
Inter Quartile Range
Variance Standard Deviation- Methods, Formulas. Measures of spatial
Distribution (Point, Line and Areal Distribution)
Probabilitiy and Statistical Distribution:
||Geographic Thoughts and Concepts
Geographical knowledge and concept during the ancient and medieval
times with special reference to
Dark age of Europe
Development of Modern Geography during mid 19th to mid 20th
Century in Germany, France, UK, USA and the USSR.
Natural and Trends of Modern Contemporary Geography: Detail
discussion of the major concepts and themes of Geography, New
Methods of Observation and analysis since the 50’s.
Nature and trends of Development of Geography in Bangladesh.
Geomorphology: Its objectives and method.
Development of geo morphological thought:
Pre-Davisian geomorphology: Catastrophysim and uniformitarianism.
Davisian geomorphology: The geographical cycles;
Geo morphological concepts of pencka and king; piedmont-treppen,
pediplanation and pedimentation.
Modern Concept:: Climatic geomorphology and environmental dynamism;
General system: theory and geomorphology.
Explanation of the major tectonic elements of the continents and
ocean basins, earthquakes and volcanoes.
Geosynclinals origin theory;
Continental Draft Theory;
Gravity Tectonics and Isostasy;
Geomorphic processes and landforms in the humid region: The humid
Geographic environment, Weathering, Soil formation and Mass wasting.
The Humid Geomorphic System: Fluvial processes and landforms,
nature, causes and consequence of floods.
The Arid Geomorphic System: Weathering and Mass-wasting; Fluvial
Process and land formed pediments and Pedi-plains; wind and Aeolian
The Glacial and Peri- glacial geomorphic system and landforms.
Coastal geomorpholic system and landforms.
Quaternary Paleo-climatology and Pale-geomorphology;
Application of Geomorphology to environmental problems.
Models in Geomorphology.
to Climatology: Scope and Methodology; development of Climatology
over the past.
Temperature Factors and Controls Horizontal and Vertical
Distribution –Laps rate, inversion of temperature.
and Wind; Stable, Unstable, Converging and Diverging winds:
and local winds;
Humidity of the air:
Condensation and precipitation, fog, clouds, rainfall.
Mass: Fronts; Jet stream; Cyclones; Tropical and mid -latitude.
2. Genetic and
3. applied classifications.
2. Mediterranean Equatorial Micro Climates.
2. Theories of Climatic changes; 3.Future scenario.
Recent trends in research/ development; Climatic
The field of economic Geography: Definition, scope and development.
Methods and Techniques of Economic Geography
Characteristics of major economic System of the world: Traditional
and Modern, Capitalist, Socialist and Mixed.
Theories of Location of economic Activities;
1. Agricultural location Theory;
2. Center place theory
3. Growth pole and growth center concept.
Economic Geography of Primary activities.
Economic Geography of Major Agricultural Crops
Economic Geography of manufacturing with special reference to
Economic Geography of tertiary activities (exchange trade and
movement of goods and people (transportation).
Nature, scope and objective of political geography; Political
geography and Geopolitics and approaches in political geography.
The state and Nation: State, Nation, Nation state, Multi-national
States, Buffer state, Neutralized Sate and Territories.
Location, Area and state;
Boundaries, Frontis and Territorial Waters;
Resource and Power;
Core areas and capitals;
Internal Organizations and relationships; External
World Political Patterns:
Colonialism, colonies and de-colonization;
The Capitalist and Socialist Realm;
The Developed and Developing World;
The Big Powers-Sphere of Influence and balance of
Geopolitical Theories and the Foreign Policies of
World Organizations and International relationships;
Areas of Contemporary interests and international
||Geography of Bangladesh
Introductions Location and history of the land and its people
Geographic study of the structure, landform, rivers, climate, soils
Geographic study of agriculture, fisheries, livestock; minerals and
energy, industry, trade and transport; settlement and population.
Classification, delimitation and characteristics of geographic
regions of Bangladesh.
have to study the regional geography with particular reference to
the physical feature, Climate, Soils, Natural vegetation, minerals,
agriculture, industry, population, settlements and trades of one of
the following regions (A, B, and C) subject to the facilities
offered by the department from year to year.
Either USSR, UK and U.S.A or UK, China, Japan
S.E Asia, SW Asia and SARC (except BD)
Any three: U.S.A, Japan, USSR, China, Tanzania, India, and Brazil.
||Quantitative Techniques in
Sampling- population, universe, other related concepts,
Spatial Sampling techniques
Characteristics and Errors
of Sample Values- Hypothesis Testing
– Smirnov Test
Whitney U Test
Error of Difference
Spearmen’s Rank Correlation Coefficient
Kendalls Rank Correlation Coefficient
Pearsons products Moment correlation Coefficient
Correlation Significance Tests.
Standard Error and Confidence Limits
Introduction to factor Analysis.
Methods of Classification.
Use of SPPS Package Program
Data Definition Procedure
||Research Method, Field Trip Study
and Field Report
Introduction to the basic techniques of library and field research:
methods of conducting social surveys and formulating research
designs, and other related research methodology.
Methods the techniques of writing term papers, reports and theses.
Familiarity with geographical publications, and publications of
different data sources, bibliographies, Map etc by various national
and international organizations.
Preparation of recherché Proposal.
Field study and report based on the study.
Syllabus for M.Sc. (Final) under Annual System.
M.Sc. (Final) students in Geography under the annual System have to take
a total of 8 Units of courses each carrying 100 marks. Theory 5 Units;
Practical 1 Unit and Field study 1 unite (compulsory for all non thesis
students): and Viva 1 Unites. Field trips and camps are undetached part
of the curriculum and will be arranged by the department. Students must
attend these field trips and camps.
Each theoretical unit shall consist of course final
examination of 80 marks and class records of 20 marks: whereas each
practical unit shall consist of course final examinations of 60 marks
and class records of 40 marks. Distribution of marks for half unit
course between course final examination and class records for both
theoretical and practical courses shall be according to the
A selected number of students may be allowed by the
Academic Committee of the Department to prepare a thesis which is
consist of practical and field study. The breakup of the units to be
taken by the thesis students is the follows:
Theory 4 Unites: Thesis 2 Units; Viva on thesis and
methodology 1 Unit; and general Viva 1 unit. Thesis students are
required to attend classes on field study but they are not expected to
credit this course, instead they will appear before a Viva on
methodology (1/2) Units.
The following courses are offered during the current
session. The unit values for each course are shown against each. In each
case, it is expected that students will be acquainted with the specific
problems and examples of Bangladesh, wherever applicable.
Following courses are offered by department of Geography
M.Sc. Final class.
G 3001: Geographic
Knowledge and Concepts 1 Units.
G 3002: Agricultural
G 3003: Urban
G 3004: Regional
Planning and Development 1 Units.
Theoretical Aspects of Regional Planning:
1. The Concepual Basis of
2. Regional Analysis
3. Regional Planning in
G 3005: Alluvial
G 3007: Industrial
G 3008: Resource
G 3009: Urban
Planning and Development:
Natural and Development of Urban Planning
Studies for Urban Planning
Elements of the Urban Plans and Plans Implementation Instruments
Planning in Bangladesh
G 30011: Social
G 30012: Rural
G 30013: Geographic
Thoughts and Explanation
G 30014: Medical
G 30015: Recreation
G 30016: Geography
G 30017: Geography
G 30018: Geography
G Lab 3019 Field
Study (Compulsory for non- thesis students).
G Lab 3020 Advanced
Techniques in Geographic Analysis
¨GIS and GPS
|Economic Geography |
|Cultural geography |
¨Geography of Bangladesh.
To get help from your home work or project you can visit
these web site.
Physical Geography Resources:
Internet Resources for Physical
Geomorphology is a study of
landforms, including their classification, description nature, origin,
development and relationship to underlying structures. Also the history of
geologic changes are recorded by these surface features. The term is
sometimes restricted to features produced only by erosion: 3)
Erosional Landforms - landforms formed from
the removal of
eroded surface materials by wind, water, glaciers, and gravity. This
includes landforms with some of the following geomorphic features: river
valleys, glacial valleys, and coastal cliffs. and
Depositional Landforms - landforms formed from
eroded surface materials. On occasion, these deposits can be
compressed, altered by pressure, heat and chemical processes to become
sedimentary rocks. This includes landforms with some of the
following geomorphic features: beaches, deltas, flood plains, and glacial
11) Introduction to Geomorphology :
Structural Landforms - landforms that are
created by massive earth movements due to
plate tectonics. This includes landforms with some of the following
geomorphic features: fold mountains, rift valleys, and volcanoes.
Wirtualna / Virtual Geomorphology:
Geomorphology from Space:
For Geomorphology Images:
UC Berkeley Geomorphology:
El Nino and La Nina
The study of countries', cultures, customs,
foods, clothing, music, architecture, traditions, religions and languages of
the world. The world has about 200 different nations and over 6,000 distinct
languages in it. Since languages are a basic part of forming a basis for a
culture, then there are over 6,000 different cultures in the world also.
Since it would be almost impossible to represent them all on this webpage, a
sample of some of the world's general or main cultural pools is shown below
from the geographic areas of Africa, Asia, Europe, the Americas and Oceania.
Of the 6,000 or so languages in the world, most are spoken
by small tribal groups and only about 12-15 are used in a widespread fashion
in international trade and politics. The rest are national languages of the
dominant culture in any given nation except in Africa and the Americas,
where the official national languages are often that of their former
European colonialists. In the recent past, of course, 'English' has become
the accepted international language of trade.
Cultural impact to the people all over the world.
The primary objective of this course is
to familiarize you with the basic concepts related to the advance, spread,
and distribution of economic activity across the planet. The idea of a world
marketplace is rapidly becoming a reality, along with a worldwide pattern of
transition to open market economies in countries whose economies were
previously controlled by their governments. This course looks at the forces
that are reshaping the global economy, the fundamentals of spatial
economics, classical locational theories, and trade. Journals and reading
Association of American Geographers:
http://www.aag.org/Publications/JournalIntro.html Can get job
informations in the geography fields
Statically Data Collection: