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An Unofficial web site of

Department of Geography and Environment

Dhaka University LOgo
University of Dhaka

July 1st, 1921
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Welcome to the world of geography.It is about geography, that  is a study of humankind as well as natural, and physical landscapes on the face of the earth. It is very unique academic discipline for its ability to integrate ideas and methods from many different disciplines; it's concern about 'spatial' or areal patterns, relationships and processes on the areal patterns, relationship and processes on the earth's surface, and it's important focus on environment studies. That's why in recent year Dhaka University changed the name of this department as 'Department of Geography and environments'. This department provide students various valuable and relevant training, as well as inseparable field trips for getting hand on practice of the real world. It offer 4 years of graduation program and 1 year of masters program. It provide B.Sc M.Sc course as well as research and MPhil  program. 

Undergrad ( Honours) Program: It consist of 32 units of courses spread over 4 Years:16 Units of theory; 8 Unites of lab and 4 units of Viva Voca.

Year Classes Offer and focus on following topics
First Year
bulletA. Introduction to geography and World Regional Pattern:

a. Geography as a discipline; Concept and Development
b. Scope of Contemporary Geography.
c. Major views in Geography; Earth-Science view, Regional view, Economical View, Landscape  view, Spatial Organization view and  Behavioral view.
d. Methods of Approaches to Geographical explanation.
e. The status of Geography today and relevance to society.
bulletB. World Regional Pattern:
Concepts of regional and type of regions. Basic information (Tabular Data and Maps only) for listed countries (capital size, population, economic activities, GNP, literacy, urbanization or regions and countries of the world). (Follow the UN Demographic chart).


bulletElements of Physical Geography:
a. The earth in space, basic elements of the earth form; and the geologic time scale.
b. The lithosphere: Elements of earth's crust rocks and minerals; changes of crust weathering erosion and deposition; agents of earth sculpture; river, glacier, wind and wave.
c. The composition of the atmosphere: Weather and climate; introduction to the elements of climate; temperature, pressure, wind and humidity, storms.
d. The Hydrosphere: The oceans, their location in relation to the continents; currents, tides, salinity and temperature distribution.


bulletElements of Human Geography:
1.Scope and contents of human geography
2.Overview of human occupancies of earth surface; a global perspective.
3. Economics: Concept and classification.
4.Economic activities.
   a. Extracting activities (farming, fishing , mining, lumbering);
   b. Manufacturing activities;
   c. Exchange activities (trade and transportation)
    Human population: Distribution, Problems.
bulletCartography I:
 1. History and use of Cartography.
 2. Map and Map Scales: Basic elements of maps, construction of
  linear, diagonal, comparative and proportional scales.
 3.Applied use of scales, e.g. enlargement, reduction and
  combination of maps; measurement of area.
 4.Various types of Maps: maps on the basis of scales and thematic
bulletPrinciple of Surveying :
Methods of surveying including the use of chain, plane table, prismatic compass and leveling.
bulletQuantitative Techniques in Geography-I:
 1. Importance of Mathematical Concepts in Geography.
 2. Introduction to number system natural numbers, whole numbers, primes, integers, Real numbers-mainly definitions.
3.Introduction of set theory.
4.Review of simple arithmetic operations with decimals and fractions.
5.Solving simple equations and inequalities.
6.Functions: Liner, Quadratic (simple graphs)
7.Laws of indices and exponents.
8.Logarithms-use in calculations.
9.Measuring Quantities: Linear, are , volume. Mass and angular measurements. Conversion of measurement units between impartial, Metric and Local systems.
10. Measuration- Area and volume of square, rectangle, Circle, Cylinder and pyramid.
11.Use of summation Sign. Its various rules.
12.Types and levels of measurements.
13.Nature of Data for Geographic Research.
bulletViva Voca:
It will cover the overall syllabus as well as recent world.


Second Year

bulletGeography of Soils and Biogeography:
1. Definition of soil.
2. Physical and chemical properties of soils; Texture, structure, weight; pore space and air relationship color and temperature; plant-soil water relationship; soil drainage.
3. Organic properties of soils: Soil flora and fauna; Humus formation and characteristics.
4.Soil genesis: Factors of soil forming processes; Horizon differentiation and genesis.
5.Soil classification: Classification of world soils;
a). Higher categories of soil classification(1949) order, suborder and great soil groups, b). Seventh Approximation of comprehensive system(1960).
6.Soil of Bangladesh: Properties, characteristics and classification.
bulletCultural Geography:
1.Scope, themes and methods of cultural geography.
2.Culture: Its nature and types.
3. Processes of culture change: innovation, diffusion and integration; assimilation and acculturation.
4.Man-Environmentr interaction: Concepts of determinism and possiblism.
5. Evaluation of human kind: Australopithecus to homo sapiens, sapens.
6. Evolution of material culture: Stone Age and Age of Metals.
7.Evaluation of livelihood patterns: Plant and animals domestication, rise of urbanism, industrial revolution, urbanization.
G203 Population and settlement Geography

1. Definition, nature and scope of population geography and sources of data on population.

2. Patterns of Population composition (Biological); Race, age structure and sex ratio.

3. Patterns of Population composition (cultural); Residence- rural-urban, language, religion, marital status, education and economic composition.

4.Spatial aspects of population distribution and density: pre-historic, ancient, medieval and modern, determinants of population distribution.

5. Patterns of population composition in Bangladesh and general characteristics of population of Bangladesh.

Settlement Geography:

6. Definition, scope and methodology of settlement geography

7. Origin and development of rural settlements.

8. Form, shapes and patterns of rural settlements.

9. Origin of towns and cities.

10.Herirachy of settlements of functional organization and population size.

11. Settlements of Bangladesh: Rural and Urban.


G204 Air Photography, Remote Sensing and Map Interpretation

Air Photo Interpretation and remote sensing:

1.    Essential nature of air photographs. Types and scales of air photography.

2.     Interpretation of air photography: Procedures in air photo interpretation: stereoscopy, photo image and elements, photo keys

3.    Remote sensing: General background, types of remote sensors.

4.    Electromagnetic spectrum and basic relationships.

5.    Applications of remote sensing.


1.    Preparations of Maps from air photographs.

Map Interpretation:

1.    Methods of representation of relief

2.    Profiles drawing and indivisibility exercises.

3.    Gradient and scope determination, scale and scopes.

4.    Block diagrams and scope analysis.

5.    Study and interpretation of topographic, geologic, geomorphologic and weather maps.

Please Visit for more remote sensing pictures and  information.

G205 Map Projection and Cartography II

1.    Map Projections: Definition and use.

2.    Types, merits and demerits of map projections.

3.    Construction of major and common projections;(i, e, 2 of each cylindrical, conical, zenithal, conventional)

4.    Cartography: Application of Cartographic techniques (mainly on Bangladesh data)-Climograph, flow lines, Dot maps, Pie Diagram, Isocrones, Isopleth, Choropleths, Age-sex pyramid)


G206 Quantitative Techniques in Geography II

Frequency, Distribution, Histogram, Polygon.
Measures of center tendency: Mean, Median, Mode
Relationship between the measures
Measures of deviation
Quartile Deviation
Inter Quartile Range
Mean Deviation
Variance Standard Deviation- Methods, Formulas. Measures of spatial Distribution (Point, Line and Areal Distribution)
Probabilitiy and Statistical Distribution:
                 a. Binomial


G207 Viva Voca


Third Year



G301 Geographic Thoughts and Concepts

A. Geographical knowledge and concept during the ancient and medieval times with special reference to

a. Greek Period
b. Roman Period
c. Dark age of Europe
d. Muslim Period
e. Age of Exploration

B. Development of Modern Geography during mid 19th to mid 20th Century in Germany, France, UK, USA and the USSR.

C. Natural and Trends of Modern Contemporary Geography: Detail discussion of the major concepts and themes of Geography, New Methods of Observation and analysis since the 50’s.

D. Nature and trends of Development of Geography in Bangladesh.


G302 Geomorphology

A. Geomorphology: Its objectives and method.
B. Development of geo morphological thought:

1.    Pre-Davisian geomorphology: Catastrophysim and uniformitarianism.

2.    Davisian geomorphology: The geographical cycles;

3.    Geo morphological concepts of pencka and king; piedmont-treppen, pediplanation and pedimentation.

4.    Modern Concept:: Climatic geomorphology and environmental dynamism;

5.    General system: theory and geomorphology.

C.   Explanation of the major tectonic elements of the continents and ocean basins, earthquakes and volcanoes.


     1.Kober’s Geosynclinals origin theory;
     2.Wegner’s Continental Draft Theory;
     3.Plate tectonic;
     4. Gravity Tectonics and Isostasy;

D.   Geomorphic processes and landforms in the humid region: The humid Geographic environment, Weathering, Soil formation and Mass wasting.

E.   The Humid Geomorphic System: Fluvial processes and landforms, nature, causes and consequence of floods.

F.    The Arid Geomorphic System: Weathering and Mass-wasting; Fluvial Process and land formed pediments and Pedi-plains; wind and Aeolian land forms.

G.  The Glacial and Peri- glacial geomorphic system and landforms.

H.   Coastal geomorpholic system and landforms.

I.       Quaternary Paleo-climatology and Pale-geomorphology;

J.     Application of Geomorphology to environmental problems.

K.   Models in Geomorphology.


G303 Climatology

A. Introduction to Climatology: Scope and Methodology; development of Climatology over the past.

B. Isolation and Temperature Factors and Controls Horizontal and Vertical Distribution –Laps rate, inversion of temperature.

C. Pressure and Wind; Stable, Unstable, Converging and Diverging winds:

    1. Geo-strophic,
    2. Gradient,
    3. Friction layer,
    4. Winds planetary,
    5. Seasonal and local winds;
    6. Monsoon System.

D. Humidity of the air: Condensation and precipitation, fog, clouds, rainfall.

E. Air Mass: Fronts; Jet stream; Cyclones; Tropical and mid -latitude.

F. Climatic Classification:

2. Genetic and
3. applied classifications.

Climatic Types:

    2. Mediterranean Equatorial Micro    Climates.

G.  Climatic change:
1.Past climates;
2. Theories of Climatic changes; 3.Future scenario.

Recent trends in research/ development; Climatic Modification


G304 Economic Geography

A.   The field of economic Geography: Definition, scope and development.

B.   Methods and Techniques of Economic Geography

C.   Characteristics of major economic System of the world: Traditional and Modern, Capitalist, Socialist and Mixed.

D.   Theories of Location of economic Activities;

1. Agricultural location Theory;

2. Center place theory

3. Growth pole and growth center concept.

E.   Economic Geography of Primary activities.

F.    Economic Geography of Major Agricultural Crops

G.  Economic Geography of manufacturing with special reference to selected industries.

H.   Economic Geography of tertiary activities (exchange trade and movement of goods and people (transportation).

G305 Political Geography

A.   Nature, scope and objective of political geography; Political geography and Geopolitics and approaches in political geography.

B.   The state and Nation: State, Nation, Nation state, Multi-national States, Buffer state, Neutralized Sate and Territories.

C.   The State:

Location, Area and state;

Boundaries, Frontis and Territorial Waters; Population.

Resource and Power;

Core areas and capitals;

Internal Organizations and relationships; External relationship.

D.   World Political Patterns:

Colonialism, colonies and de-colonization;

The Capitalist and Socialist Realm;

The Developed and Developing World;

The Big Powers-Sphere of Influence and balance of power;

 Geopolitical Theories and the Foreign Policies of Big Power;

World Organizations and International relationships;

Areas of Contemporary interests and international conflicts.

Electoral Geography.


G306 Geography of Bangladesh

A.   Introductions Location and history of the land and its people

B.   Geographic study of the structure, landform, rivers, climate, soils and vegetation.

C.   Geographic study of agriculture, fisheries, livestock; minerals and energy, industry, trade and transport; settlement and population.

D.   Classification, delimitation and characteristics of geographic regions of Bangladesh.


G307 Regional Geography

Students will have to study the regional geography with particular reference to the physical feature, Climate, Soils, Natural vegetation, minerals, agriculture, industry, population, settlements and trades of one of the following regions (A, B, and C) subject to the facilities offered by the department from year to year.

A.   Either USSR, UK and U.S.A or UK, China, Japan

B.   S.E Asia, SW Asia and SARC (except BD)

C.   Any three: U.S.A, Japan, USSR, China, Tanzania, India, and Brazil.


G308 Quantitative Techniques in Geography III

A.   Sampling- population, universe, other related concepts,
        1.Random Sampling
        2.Systematic Sampling
        3. Slratlfied Sampling
        4.Specialized Spatial Sampling techniques
        5.Sample Characteristics and Errors

B. Comparison of Sample Values- Hypothesis Testing

Non-Parametric Tests:

1. Chi Square Test

2.Molomogorov – Smirnov Test

3.Mann- Whitney U Test

Parametric Tests:

          1.Dispersion Diagrams
          2.Standard Error of Difference
          3. Student’s Test
          4.Analysis of Variance

Methods of Correlation

Spearmen’s Rank Correlation Coefficient
Kendalls Rank Correlation Coefficient
Pearsons products Moment correlation Coefficient
Correlation Significance Tests.

D. Regression
Standard Error and Confidence Limits

E.   Introduction to factor Analysis.

F.    Methods of Classification.

G.  Computer Applications:

     Use of SPPS Package Program
     Simple Commands
     Data Definition Procedure
     Cross Tan

G309 Research Method, Field Trip Study and Field Report

A.   Introduction to the basic techniques of library and field research: methods of conducting social surveys and formulating research designs, and other related research methodology.

B.    Methods the techniques of writing term papers, reports and theses.

C.    Familiarity with geographical publications, and publications of different data sources, bibliographies, Map etc by various national and international organizations.

D.   Preparation of recherché Proposal.

E.   Field study and report based on the study.


G310 Viva Voca


Masters Program:

Syllabus for M.Sc. (Final) under Annual System.

 The M.Sc. (Final) students in Geography under the annual System have to take a total of 8 Units of courses each carrying 100 marks. Theory 5 Units; Practical 1 Unit and Field study 1 unite (compulsory for all non thesis students): and Viva 1 Unites. Field trips and camps are undetached part of the curriculum and will be arranged by the department. Students must attend these field trips and camps.

  Each theoretical unit shall consist of course final examination of 80 marks and class records of 20 marks: whereas each practical unit shall consist of course final examinations of  60 marks and class records of 40 marks. Distribution of marks for half unit course between course final examination and class records for both theoretical and practical courses shall be according to the above-mentioned methods.


A selected number of students may be allowed by the Academic Committee of the Department to prepare a thesis which is consist of practical and field study. The breakup of the units to be taken by the thesis students is the follows:

 Theory 4 Unites: Thesis 2 Units; Viva on thesis and methodology 1 Unit; and general Viva 1 unit. Thesis students are required to attend classes on field study but they are not expected to credit this course, instead they will appear before a Viva on methodology (1/2) Units.

    The following courses are offered during the current session. The unit values for each course are shown against each. In each case, it is expected that students will be acquainted with the specific problems and examples of Bangladesh, wherever applicable.



Following courses are offered  by department of Geography in

M.Sc. Final class.

G 3001: Geographic Knowledge and Concepts    1 Units.

G 3002: Agricultural Geography

G 3003: Urban Geography

G 3004: Regional Planning and Development        1 Units.

Theoretical Aspects of Regional Planning:

1. The Concepual Basis of Regional Planning

2. Regional Analysis

3. Regional Planning in Practice

G 3005: Alluvial Morphology

G3006: Population Geography

G 3007: Industrial Geography

G 3008: Resource Management:

 G 3009: Urban Planning and Development:

a.    The Natural and Development of Urban Planning

b.    Basic Studies for Urban Planning

c.     Elements of the Urban Plans and Plans Implementation Instruments

d.    Urban Planning in Bangladesh

G 30010: Agro-Climatology:

G 30011: Social Geography

G 30012: Rural Development

G 30013: Geographic Thoughts and Explanation

G 30014: Medical Geography

G 30015: Recreation Geography

G 30016: Geography of Transport

G 30017: Geography of Settlement

G 30018: Geography of Migration


G Lab 3019 Field Study (Compulsory for non- thesis students).

G Lab 3020 Advanced Techniques in Geographic Analysis



bulletPhysical geography
bulletRemote sensing
¨Geo education
¨GIS and GPS
bulletEconomic Geography
bulletCultural geography
¨ Hydrology
bulletRegional Geography
¨Geography of Bangladesh.


bulletPolitical Geography

To get help from your home work or project you can visit these web site.

Physical geography:

Physical Geography Resources:

 Internet Resources for Physical Geography:


Geomorphology is a study of  landforms, including  their classification, description nature, origin, development and relationship to underlying structures. Also the history of geologic changes are recorded by these surface features. The term is sometimes restricted to features produced only by erosion: 3) Erosional Landforms - landforms formed from the removal of weathered and eroded surface materials by wind, water, glaciers, and gravity. This includes landforms with some of the following geomorphic features: river valleys, glacial valleys, and coastal cliffs. and deposition: (4) Depositional Landforms - landforms formed from the deposition of weathered and eroded surface materials. On occasion, these deposits can be compressed, altered by pressure, heat and chemical processes to become sedimentary rocks. This includes landforms with some of the following geomorphic features: beaches, deltas, flood plains, and glacial moraines.

11) Introduction to Geomorphology :   

(1) Structural Landforms - landforms that are created by massive earth movements due to plate tectonics. This includes landforms with some of the following geomorphic features: fold mountains, rift valleys, and volcanoes.

 Geomorfologia Wirtualna / Virtual Geomorphology:

 Geomorphology from Space:

 For Geomorphology Images:

 UC Berkeley Geomorphology:


El Nino and La Nina

 Cultural geography:

CULTURAL GEOGRAPHY: The study of countries', cultures, customs, foods, clothing, music, architecture, traditions, religions and languages of the world. The world has about 200 different nations and over 6,000 distinct languages in it. Since languages are a basic part of forming a basis for a culture, then there are over 6,000 different cultures in the world also. Since it would be almost impossible to represent them all on this webpage, a sample of some of the world's general or main cultural pools is shown below from the geographic areas of Africa, Asia, Europe, the Americas and Oceania.

Of the 6,000 or so languages in the world, most are spoken by small tribal groups and only about 12-15 are used in a widespread fashion in international trade and politics. The rest are national languages of the dominant culture in any given nation except in Africa and the Americas, where the official national languages are often that of their former European colonialists. In the recent past, of course, 'English' has become the accepted international language of trade.

 Cultural impact to the people all over the world.

 Economic Geography:

The primary objective of this course is to familiarize you with the basic concepts related to the advance, spread, and distribution of economic activity across the planet. The idea of a world marketplace is rapidly becoming a reality, along with a worldwide pattern of transition to open market economies in countries whose economies were previously controlled by their governments. This course looks at the forces that are reshaping the global economy, the fundamentals of spatial economics, classical locational theories, and trade. Journals and reading resources:

 Association of American Geographers: Can get job informations in the geography fields


  Economic Data:

Statically Data Collection:



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Last Update: 05/16/2003
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